Flexible Regulatory Enforcement
In explaining the Cooperative Compliance Program's success two factors stand out as especially significant: the roles of the labor- management safety committee and the Designated Compliance Officer (DCO) assigned to each project by California OSHA to monitor the self-regulation program. Having examined the safety committee's role in the previous chapter, let us now turn to the DCO's role in the program.
At first glance, the DCO's involvement is puzzling. "Self- regulation" is a keynote of the CCP. Yet, all the DCOs are CAL/ OSHA inspectors, and all the DCOs are in fact very much involved in construction site regulatory affairs. Indeed, each DCO spends much more time "monitoring" a CCP site (about ten times as much as a rough estimate) than he does inspecting other comparable sites as a CAL/OSHA inspector. In sharp contrast to the CAL/OSHA inspector, though, the DCO's participation has been welcomed. As one job site safety engineer observed, "The DCO has been a total asset to our safety program."
What makes the DCO an asset? Put simply, depending on the circumstances, the DCO can be a tough cop-like rule-enforcer, a problem-solving consultant, or a combination of the two. This blending of administrative styles has transformed CAL/OSHA's presence on the construction site, according to participants, and has made the DCO singularly equipped to support and assist the