At the outset of this study the question was raised, When regulatory enforcement is relaxed will business firms behave responsibly? Must government regulation be stringently enforced to ensure responsible corporate conduct, or can cooperative strategies be just as effective? Experience with the CCP indicates ways in which a less stringent and more cooperative alternative to OSHA's conventional style of legalistic enforcement can be effective. Indeed, judging from accident rates as well as the evaluations of leading participants, there is good reason to think that the CCP has been more effective than OSHA's traditional regulatory regime.
If I convey a single message in this study, for the social science study of regulation as well as for regulatory policy making, it is the importance of developing a broader and more inclusive conception of the regulatory process. For most scholarly thinking about regulation, government rulemaking and enforcement occupy the center of the regulatory universe. Throughout the study we have viewed the regulatory process from a quite different perspective, however. Instead of the state-centered perspective of legal positivism, we have stressed the significance of regulatory pluralism. And instead of viewing every form of regulatory ordering as a one-way projection of government authority, we have stressed the significance of