William H. Sawtelle U. S. District Judge, Arizona
AS is well known, the National Prohibition Act was enacted in pursuance of the 18th Amendment. Under the provisions of that act the Treasury Department and the Department of Justice are charged with the duty of enforcing the same. It has been suggested that the Treasury Department be relieved of all responsibility for its enforcement and that the entire responsibility be placed upon the Department of Justice. Those who make this suggestion overlook the fact that the Act, in many respects, is a revenue measure, and that that feature of the Act, at least, properly belongs under the jurisdiction of the Treasury Department.
Section 2 of the National Prohibition Act provides:
"The Commissioner of Internal Revenue, his assistants, agents, and inspectors shall investigate and report violations of this Act to the United States attorney for the district in which committed, who is hereby charged with the duty of prosecuting the offenders, subject to the directions of the Attorney-General."
The best and most practicable plan to make the 18th Amendment effective would be for all state and municipal officials to co-operate wholeheartedly with the federal government in the enforcement of the National Prohibition Act. The time will come when the law-abiding citizens of the various states will demand of its officials such co-operation. Until such time much can be done to make the Amendment effective.