In the spring of 1961 all the inmates of three London prisons (Brixton, Wandsworth and Wormwood Scrubs) who had been convicted of homosexual offences with other men aged twenty-one or over were interviewed by the research worker. In the autumn of the same year a further 16 men were seen at the three prisons in order to make up the group to a total of 50.
All these men answered all the questions put to them in so far as it was within their capacity to give a reasonable reply. The relationship established during the interview was nearly always good, and most of the men were prepared to talk openly and frankly. A research worker, coming from outside the prison, stands a much better chance of obtaining truthful answers than those officers and others working in the prison who are in regular contact with the prisoners. But this is a group of men who regard with suspicion any investigation into their sexual offences, and the quality of the response is not as uniformly high as it is for the four non-prison groups.
All the interviewees were put into ten-year age groups between twenty-one and sixty. In this group and four of the other groups, at least 36 (72%) of the men were under forty; the only exception is the PC group where 21 (42%) were under forty. The average age of the group was 34.5 compared to an overall average of 35.5. At the time of their arrest, 30 of the HC group were living in London, five in other cities and large towns, 13 in small towns and two in rural communities.
Six of this group were married, another six were divorced or separated and 38 had not been married. When they were asked about their religion, 18 prisoners replied that they were Church of England, nine were Roman Catholic, four were Non-Conformist and four others mentioned other sects; 15 said they did not belong to any Church. More men attended church in this group than in any group except the other prison group (PC).
The HC group was the least well educated of all the groups. Only three attended school beyond the age of fifteen, although 13 of the remaining 47 did receive some kind of part-time education at some period of their lives. This group was also the least successful in the Verbal Reasoning Test. Of the 84 men who came in the top three (out of 10) classes, only four were in the HC group. Whereas 27 of the 89 who were in the lowest three classes were in the HC group;