The members of this group were the patients of 12 psychiatrists working in or near London. Twenty-two were in-patients of mental hospitals and 28 were out-patients under psychiatric treatment. A full description of the way this group was obtained is given in Section B of the Appendix.
It would be surprising to find any group of psychiatric patients which has many homogeneous features; but there is a particular dichotomy in this group which may have some effect upon the results. Four of the in-patients and 20 of the out-patients had consulted a psychiatrist specifically about their homosexual problems. But 18 in-patients and eight out-patients had sought psychiatric aid for other reasons, and the extent to which their homosexual condition had been the forerunner of these problems is speculative.
On the other hand the validity of the response is judged to be very high. All of them were accustomed to discussing intimate details of their lives with a psychiatrist and nine of them had been taking part in group therapy. All were volunteers and even if they did not always understand the purpose of the research, they were ready to discuss in detail their own problems; it was a peculiarity of the two patient groups that the personal questions were always answered with good elaboration, but they found the attitude and projective questions less interesting.
This group and the NP group were the youngest groups. A man is more likely to seek psychiatric aid for homosexual difficulties when he is in his twenties. By the age of thirty many homosexuals have come to terms with their disability and made some kind of adjustment; consequently they are more reluctant to undergo a change. In the HP group 26 men were under thirty and 41 men were under forty.
The two groups of patients contained more of the better educated men than the two groups interviewed in prison, but they were less well educated than the HO and NO groups. Five had received fulltime education beyond the age of eighteen, 24 more had received some education after the age of fifteen, and 21 left school at the statutory minimum age. This group also did well in the verbal reasoning test. In the six groups 84 men (making an average of 14 per group) came in the top three classes, and 18 of these were HP men.