THE TWENTIES 1921-31
Three issues dominated politics in Texas during the Jazz Age: the Ku Klux Klan, Prohibition, and "Fergusonism." For a time the Klan practically controlled Democratic party politics, and most state elections featured at least one candidate for major office backed by that organization. In 1922, a Klan candidate, Earle B. Mayfield, was actually sent to the U.S. Senate.
Jim Ferguson held no office during this period, but his wife Miriam served as governor for one term and ran for the office on two other occasions. The Fergusons represented a paradox: in spite of obvious ethics violations throughout their career, they continued to be immensely popular with many people, especially small farmers and workers. Their implacable hostility to the Klan also contributed to their popularity, but the Fergusons were by no means reformers. There were some real efforts, most notably by Governors Neff and Moody, to