DEPRESSION AND WORLD WAR II 1931-47
The worst effects of the Great Depression did not appear in Texas as early as in other areas of the country, but by 1933, unemployment, price collapses, agricultural dislocation, and bankruptcy had become commonplace. The oil industry and agriculture, mainstays of the Texas economy, were especially hard hit, and state government did little to alleviate these problems. It was not until the election of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the coming of the New Deal that improvements began to appear. Texans exhibited the characteristic individualism of their frontier heritage during the period by relying on themselves for help. Friends, relatives, and charitable organizations also assisted in relief efforts, but at length the intensity of the problem was much too great to be handled by private sources. The horrors of the Depression, though hard for Anglos, were felt more intensely among minorities, particularly African and Mexican Americans.