TEXAS AT MIDCENTURY AND BEYOND 1947-69
The political scene in Texas at midcentury featured continued conservatism and reaction. The people an their leaders were attempting to deal with rapid social and economic changes and internal political discord at home, while at the same time the federal government became more deeply involved in the state's affairs. There were three major issues that, over a period of several years, defined the state's growing animosity toward Washington: the tidelands question, desegregation, and President Johnson's Great Society policy. All seemed to portend ever greater interference by outside forces in the affairs of the state.
Meanwhile, the civil rights movement began to mature, political scandals rocked the Democratic party to its foundations, the "Red Scare" appeared to challenge the exercise of civil liberties by many citizens, and a resurgent Republican party showed signs of coming into its own. The governors of this period played significant roles in all