BLACK AND WEIDENREICH CHINA: THE DISCOVERY AND DISAPPEARANCE OF PEKING MAN
NOT FAR FROM PEKING is Chicken-bone Hill, and not far from Chicken-bone Hill lies low-rounded Dragon-bone Hill. The names of the hills held a clue to what might be hidden beneath their unrevealing surfaces, for traditionally the Chinese have called fossils chicken bones and dragon bones. And the proximity of the hills was important. It led scientists to one of the major discoveries that have thrown new light on the history of man.
Dr. J. G. Andersson, a Swedish geologist who went to Peking in 1914 as a mining adviser to the Chinese government, was one of the first to become interested in the fossil wealth of China. Up to that time, the Chinese had valued the ancient bones only for medicinal purposes.1
When Andersson and the Chinese Geological Survey began a systematic study of Chinese paleontology, they at first encountered little sympathy. The Chinese wanted no disturbance of the feng-shui, the spirits of the earth, wind, and water who____________________