"FORCE till right is ready," was a maxim with Mr. Matthew Arnold. It expressed his general exaltation of authority. Curiously enough, along with his recurring condemnation of "machinery" went laudation of controlling agencies, which necessarily implied machinery for achieving contemplated benefits. Hence his advocacy of an Academy. Hence his applause of the Continental régime- at large, which is relatively coercive. Hence his implied praise of a State-church notwithstanding his abandonment of the creed taught by it. And hence his expressions of dislike for dissenters.
That this contempt of those who, as he puts it, divide their energies between "business and Bethels," had some 'reason, cannot be denied. The dissenting world as a whole coincides in large measure with the middle-class world, joined with a superior part of the working-class world. Those included do not display any of that culture on which Mr. Arnold perpetually insists, but pass their lives in a dull unintellectual routine: not, however, as he admits, dif