DR. VLADISLAV BRDLIK, PROFESSOR AT THE CZECH HIGH TECHNICAL SCHOOL, PRAGUE
(1). Natural Conditions.--The climate of Czechoslovakia is a mean between the moderate maritime climate and the extreme continental climate. The average precipitation is only 740 millimeters (in the mountains from 1,000 to 1,400 millimeters), while in France and Germany it is 710 millimeters, in England from 700 to 1,000 millimeters (in the mountains from 3,000 to 5,000 millimeters). However, two- thirds of the rainfall occurs in spring and summer. The favorable distribution of rain is due to the mountain ranges on the borders.
Condition of the Soil.--The greater part of the soil is heavy. In the low, most fertile parts of the country, beetroot, wheat, barley, rye and oats are cultivated. In the highlands, over 450 meters above the sea, the soil is still fertile enough for the cultivation of rye, oats and potatoes. In the highest parts of the country, above 650 meters, there are permanent pastures, but in some parts potatoes, oats, and even rye are also cultivated. In places where the soil is fertile and the climatic conditions favorable, special kinds of crops,