ANTONÍN PAVEL, SECRETARY, GOVERNMENT LAND OFFICE, PRAGUE
Czechoslovakia has been largely industrialized in the last two or three decades but still retains the character of an agricultural country. The social structure of Czechoslovak agriculture is, however, in a sharp contrast with the conditions prevailing in the manufacturing industries. The industries are modern while agriculture still bears the stamp of feudalism. A few hundred families hold enormous estates--latifundia-- while the majority of the people own but small plots of ground or no land at all. There is no example of such unequal division of land in any other country of Central Europe.
The Distribution of Land Holdings. --In Bohemia seven-eighths of the population own no land whatever. Less than one one-hundredth (0.99 per cent) of the total area of the country is held by 373,088 owners owning little plots of one-half a hectare (1.2 acres) or less. The holders of farms varying in size from one- half a hectare to 5 hectares (1.2 to 12.3 acres) number 703,577 and their holdings represent only 13.39 per cent of the total area. In the class of estates of more