THE COMMERCIAL POLICY AND THE TARIFF
DR. FR. PEROUTKA, DIVISION CHIEF IN THE MINISTRY OF COMMERCE
As soon as the new State had been established, October 28, 1918, the transit of goods across the new frontiers of the Czechoslovak Republic was subjected to control, though Czechoslovakia was not organized as an independent customs territory until the passage of the law of February 20, 1919, defining the customs territory and providing for the collection of duties. The old customs frontier was retained as against Germany, while a new frontier line was gradually developed as against Austria, Hungary, and Poland. Under the law of February 20, 1919, duties were to be levied also on goods coming from the other territories of the former Austria-Hungary which had in the past formed a single customs territory with Czechoslovakia. The old organization of the customs service, based on the experience of many decades, was retained.
The duties on goods imported into Czechoslovakia were to be paid in gold, at the old rates fixed by the autonomous tariff of 1906. However, under the law of February 20, 1919, the Minister of Finance was