DR. EUGENE STERN, DIVISION CHIEF IN THE MINISTRY OF SOCIAL WELFARE
Czechoslovakia has taken over from Austria-Hungary the regulations of the conditions of labor, especially those affecting the labor contract, as they were contained in the civil code. It will be the task of the new State to revise these regulations and to bring them up to date. In the first five years of its existence, Czechoslovakia has enacted a number of laws which have placed the Republic, in the matter of social reform, among the most advanced States.
The Czech nation has always had a tendency toward social reforms. This tendency can be observed in the Hussite movement and in the Church of the Bohemian Brethren as well as in the national renaissance in the beginning of the nineteenth century. In the course of the nineteenth century the Czechoslovak territories were rapidly industrialized; they became the workshop of the former Habsburg Monarchy, but the owners of the industrial plants, mines, iron mills, and landed estates were members of the Austro-German nobility and bourgeoisie, while the workmen were Czechs and Slovaks. Independent Czech industries and commercial houses in which not only the workmen but also