SOCIAL WELFARE POLICY, AS SHOWN IN THE ASSISTANCE TO THE UNEMPLOYED, THE CARE FOR THE WAR SUFFERERS, AND SOCIAL INSURANCE
DR. JAN BRABEC, COUNCILLOR OF THE MINISTRY OF SOCIAL WELFARE
The independent State of Czechoslovakia was reestablished at a time when the war fronts of the Central Powers had collapsed. The collapse brought about serious economic and social changes. It released a large mass of soldiers for whom employment could not be found at once, as the industries which had been working to supply the needs of the army now had to abandon that work and the shortage of raw materials made an early resumption of work for the needs of peace impossible.
There were large numbers of sick and wounded soldiers in the hospitals and out of them, and large numbers of widows and orphaned children of soldiers who had fallen in battle or died of disease, or had disappeared.
These conditions determined the first social welfare measures of the Government as regards aid from the funds of the State. As early at December 10, 1918, a law granting Government aid to the unemployed