DR. AUGUST MIŘIČKA, PROFESSOR AT THE CHARLES UNIVERSITY, PRAGUE
In order to form a correct idea of the relative frequency of crime in the territories now forming the Czechoslovak Republic, it is necessary to investigate the conditions which existed there before and during the war and then to study the situation after the war.
Such a study obviously must be based on reliable statistical data. The State Statistical Bureau has collected statistics only for the Czech territories ( Bohemia, Moravia and Silecia); the data for Slovakia and Ruthenia have not yet been compiled. According to the official census of February 15, 1921, the Czech territories exclusive of Slovakia and Carpathian Ruthenia had a population of 10,005,734.
Experience has demonstrated that after the outbreak of a war crime usually shows a decreasing tendency. That was the case in the Czech territories as early as 1914, although only a few months of that year had been taken up by the war. Table I shows a decrease in criminal cases (felonies and misdemeanors) from 32,043 in 1912 and 34,465 in 1913 to 33,154 in 1914 and to 26,595 in 1915. There is also a corresponding decrease in the number of persons indicted and con-