MOST OF THE arguments for and against public services for parochial school pupils heard in Connecticut during 1956 and 1957 had appeared in the various opinions of the Supreme Court of the United States in five cases dealing with public education and religious organizations. Debaters on both sides relied on the Court for legal authority and for arguments to support their policy preconceptions. In the majority and minority opinions in the five cases there was ample material for both sides to use in support of their contentions. The Supreme Court was, of course, interpreting only the federal Constitution. Partisans in the Connecticut debates, however, quoted from minority and majority opinions to argue not merely what the Constitution permitted or prohibited but to declare what the Connecticut legislature ought to do.
Opponents argued most frequently that public services for parochial school pupils was a violation of the principle of separation of church and state. Supporters of services most frequently employed the child-benefit theory, and sometimes they supplemented their