THE SWEEPING victory of President Eisenhower in 1956 was accompanied in Connecticut by the election of overwhelming Republican majorities in both houses of the state legislature. In the 1957 session there were in the Senate 31 Republicans and only 5 Democrats; in the House of Representatives there were 249 Republicans and only 30 Democrats.1
To some observers these large Republican majorities suggested a direct relation to the future of what were regarded as denominational bills. The improved chance for repeal of the birth control law was explained as "not because the voting has been a party matter, but because more Protestants than Catholics have usually been nominated and elected by the Republicans, and vice versa."2 This same reasoning might have led to the conclusion that a proposal favoring public services for parochial school pupils would have little chance in the 1957 General Assembly.
Despite this apparent difficulty, Catholic parents in towns where there had been a conflict wanted the auxiliary services problem settled on the state level. Some of them spoke to their pastors. Eventually, these views were presented to Archbishop Henry J. O'Brien. The Archbishop knew that some bills, not entirely satisfactory, were