Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications

By Jude Cassidy; Phillip R. Shaver | Go to book overview

28
Attachment and Caregiving
The Caregiving Behavioral System

CAROL GEORGE

JUDITH SOLOMON

An 8-month-old infant clambers on…a fallen tree while its mother sits about 7 feet
below. The infant slips and hangs by two hands. [His mother] looks up, stands on two
legs, and barely reaches the foot of her infant. She pulls it to her chest but it wriggles
free, repeats the climb only to slip at the same place again, to be rescued once more by
its mother.

—SCHALLER (1963, p. 263, describing gorillas)

Gremlin’s concern for Gimble went way beyond merely responding to his appeals for
help: like a good mother she would anticipate trouble…. Once, as she was carrying him
along a trail, she saw a small snake ahead. Carefully she pushed Gimble off her back and
kept him behind her as she shook branches at the snake until it glided away.

—GOODALL (1990, p. 169, describing chimpanzees)

One day Effie was observed contentedly feeding about twenty feet behind the group,
while Poppy, some six feet behind her mother, was solo playing and swinging in a
Seneco tree… suddenly Effie twirled around and stared at Poppy…. Poppy had fallen
and was hanging by her neck in a narrow fork of the tree. The infant could only feebly
kick her legs and flail her arms as the stranglehold began cutting off her oxygen.
Instantly Effie ran to her baby. With considerable effort she tugged at Poppy, trying to
release her from a potentially fatal position. Effie was wearing a horrified expression of
fear similar to that of a human parent whose child is in mortal danger….At last Effie
succeeded in releasing her infant from the tree’s stranglehold. Immediately upon
regaining her breath, Poppy began to whimper, then attached herself to Effie’s nipple for
four minutes before her mother carried her off, in a protective ventral position, toward
the group, which were unaware of the drama that had unfolded behind them.

—FOSSEY (1983, p. 88, describing gorillas)

Bowlby’s attachment theory has inspired a dramatic shift in the way we understand the development of the early infant–caregiver relationship and of relationships across the lifespan. In particular, his reframing of relationships in terms of the ethological concept of “behavioral systems” has added new meaning to our understanding of relationship development and function. The term “attachment” has become a shorthand phrase for an enduring relationship encompassing classes of observable behavior that, according to ethological theory, are regulated by the attachment system. The attachment system is one of many behavioral systems that have evolved to promote survival and reproductive success (Hinde, 1982a). The goal of attachment behavior is to

-649-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items

Items saved from this book

This book has been saved
Highlights (0)
Some of your highlights are legacy items.

Highlights saved before July 30, 2012 will not be displayed on their respective source pages.

You can easily re-create the highlights by opening the book page or article, selecting the text, and clicking “Highlight.”

Citations (0)
Some of your citations are legacy items.

Any citation created before July 30, 2012 will labeled as a “Cited page.” New citations will be saved as cited passages, pages or articles.

We also added the ability to view new citations from your projects or the book or article where you created them.

Notes (0)
Bookmarks (0)

You have no saved items from this book

Project items include:
  • Saved book/article
  • Highlights
  • Quotes/citations
  • Notes
  • Bookmarks
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
Handbook of Attachment: Theory, Research, and Clinical Applications
Table of contents

Table of contents

Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
/ 888

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.