How's My Kid Doing? A Parent's Guide to Grades, Marks, and Report Cards

By Thomas R. Guskey | Go to book overview

4
Grading and Reporting Methods
Simple measures of student learning have little meaning in themselves. Knowing that a student got a score of 60 on a particular exam, for example, tells us nothing about the quality of that performance. This measure gains meaning only when it's compared to something else. If we knew, for example, that a score of 60 translates to a letter grade of B, to a level 3 performance on a four-point achievement scale, or to a “Proficient” but not “Exceptional” performance rating, then we would know more precisely just what that number meant. These bases of comparison are examples of grading methods. They provide information about the quality of that performance as judged by the teacher or another competent person.Teachers use a variety of different grading methods in reporting the results of their evaluations of students' achievement or performance. In this chapter we'll focus on six of the most common methods:
Letter grades
Plus and minus letter grades
Categorical grades
Percentage grades
Standards-based grading
Narratives and comments

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