consumption that it is much to be wished that it could be introduced and cultivated in India
Information should be obtained relative to the culture of silk and the manufacture of piece goods, which is established to a vast extent in India. Some enquiry should be made with respect to the nankeen dye: information should be obtained with respect to the nature and extent of the cotton manufacture, as there is reason to believe that the Chinese manufacture exceeds the consumption of the country. At the same time when a misunderstanding prevailed between Russia and the Chinese, Indian piece goods were sent to Moscow and this demand ceased again on the amicable arrangement of the dispute. Should our exports to China increase in the proportion they have hitherto held, it would be advisable to look for some article of Chinese manufacture which we might receive in exchange, as it is to be feared that the loss on the precious metals imported here from China would exceed any profit that could be made on English exports. An account should be kept of all proceedings relative to the embassy, with a journal and diary.
In case the continuance of a Minister from His Majesty, or the Company, should be disapproved by the Chinese Court, enquiry should be made with respect to the utility which missioners; may be of to their respective nations, and some one of those already resident there should be engaged in the interest of the Company--an Italian would be preferable to a Frenchman.
LORD MACARTNEY TO CAPTAIN ERASMUS GOWER 27 July 17931
. . . Whilst the necessary preparations for sea are going forward which no doubt you can safely commit to the attention and abilities of your officers, I shall wish to have the pleasure of your company with me to Pekin, where if there should be any opportunity, during your stay, of an audience of the Emperor, and that he should be inclined to ask any questions relative to the British Navy, you could give him the most complete satisfaction.
One of the brigs may remain in the River of Tien-Sing to convey you to the Lion, after which I have to request you will sail away from the coast of China, so as not to appear upon any part of it, till the month of May next.
[He is to proceed to 'the port of Jedda on the southern coast of Japan', where he is to deliver a letter from Macartney to the local ruler. He is to discover whether the inhabitants entertain the aversion to all foreigners which has been reported of them