should so happen that you could see and gain information also as to the places, which I have now mentioned. . . .
THE EMPEROR OF CHINA TO GEORGE III, October 17931
... To conclude, as the requests made by your Ambassador militate against the laws and usages of this our Empire, and are at the same time wholly useless to the end proposed, I cannot acquiesce in them. I again admonish you, O King, to act conformably to my intentions, that we may preserve peace and amity on each side, and thereby contribute to our reciprocal happiness. After this, my solemn warning, should your Majesty, in pursuance of your Ambassador's demands, fit out ships, with orders to attempt to trade either at Ning-Po, Tchusan, Tien-Sing, or other places, as our laws are exceedingly severe in such cases, I shall be under the necessity of directing my Mandareens to force your ships to quit these ports; and thus the immense trouble and exertions of your merchants would at once be frustrated. You will not then be able, however, to complain that I had not clearly forewarned you. Let us therefore live in peace and friendship, and do not make light of my words. For this reason I have so repeatedly and earnestly written to you upon this subject.
In the fifty-eighth year of the reign of Kian-Long, and on the third day of the ninth moon.
EAST INDIA COMPANY: ORDERS FROM THE COURT OF DIRECTORS TO LORD CORNWALLIS, RELATING TO THE STRAIT OF MALACCA, 17862
. . . You will observe by our letter of--concerning Rhio, the great importance of which we think it is to secure a proper establishment to which the Buggesses and Malays may resort for the purchase of opium, piece goods and European manufactures; we regret much that our orders arrived too late to secure the possession of that port, which from its situation would have answered every purpose to us. We must now recommend to your consideration the proposal contained in a letter from Capt. Light3 to the Governor General dated____________________
For Captain Francis Light see H. P. Clodd, Malaya's First British Pioneer, Lond. 1948. Light had been in the East India Company's service for more than