out and avowing fairly that the object is to retain the dependence of the province by establishing in it a constitution less free than that which existed in the ancient colonies, or than that which has been established in those provinces which still remain to Great Britain. And, considering the general temper of the present moment, it may well be doubted whether it would be possible to maintain with success (supposing, even, that it were desirable to do so) either that these means are well calculated for attaining the object in question, or that the object itself ought to be aimed at, by denying to so large a body of British subjects the benefits of the British constitution; particularly in those points which are considered so essential as those which are here in question.
CANADA: THE CONSTITUTIONAL ACT 31Geo. III, cap. xxx11
An Act to repeal certain parts of an Act, passed in the fourteenth year of His Majesty's reign, intituled, 'An Act for making more effectual provision for the government of the province of Quebec, in North America'; and to make further provision for the government of the said province.
. . . II. And whereas His Majesty has been pleased to signify, by His message to both Houses of Parliament, His royal intention to divide His province of Quebec into two separate provinces, to be called the province of Upper Canada, and the province of Lower Canada; be it enacted by the authority aforesaid, that there shall be within each of the said provinces respectively a Legislative Council, and an Assembly, to be severally composed and constituted in the manner hereinafter described; and that in each of the said provinces respectively His Majesty, His heirs or successors, shall have power, during the continuance of this Act, by and with the advice and consent of the Legislative Council and Assembly of such provinces respectively, to make laws for the peace, welfare, and good government thereof, such laws not being repugnant to this Act;and that all such laws, being passed by the Legislative Council and Assembly of either of the said provinces respectively, and assented to by His Majesty, His heirs or successors, or assented to in His Majesty's name, by such person as His Majesty, His heirs or successors, shall from time to time appoint to be the Governor, or Lieutenant Governor, of such province, or by such person as His Majesty, His heirs or successors, shall from time to time appoint to administer the Government within the same, shall be, and the same are hereby declared to____________________