LORD SHELBURNE TO RICHARD OSWALD 27 July 17821
. . . You very well know I have never made a secret of the deep concern I feel in the separation of countries united by blood, by principles, habits, and every tie short of territorial proximity.--But you very well know that I have long since given it up decidedly though reluctantly: and the same motives which made me perhaps the last to give up all hope of re-union, make me most anxious if it is given up, that it shall be done decidedly, so as to avoid all future risk of enmity, and by the foundation of a new connection better adapted to the present temper and interests of both countries. In this view, I go further with Dr. Franklin perhaps than he is aware of, and farther perhaps than the professed advocates of independence are prepared to admit. My private opinion would lead me to go a great way for federal union;--but is either country ripe for it? If not, means must be left to advance it.2. . .
JOHN POWNALL TO LORD SHELBURNE 30 January 17833
[In obedience to Shelburne's commands Pownall submits the following considerations.]
The Preamble or introduction to the Articles of the Provisional Agreement of the 30th of November 1782 is so expressed as to convey____________________
B.M. Add. MSS. 42,394. John Pownall, younger brother of Thomas Pownall,