with the French Government, or whether its execution shall be left to depend upon the spontaneous adoption by France of that freedom in regard to English vessels, which is a necessary preliminary.
That in the latter case, it might perhaps be sufficient, if the Governor were directed to admit such French ships as would be furnished with a document signed either by His Majesty's Ambassador at Paris or by British Consuls at French ports showing that those ports are open to British ships from the Mauritius upon the same terms as French vessels.
That in the former case it would probably be right to furnish the Governor with some document from the Secretary of State's Office, to show that the two Governments had come to an understanding on the subject.
EXTRACT FROM AN EDITORIAL IN THE TIMES 18 June 18191
. . . Our noble station at the Cape of Good Hope has the finest soil and climate in the world; it is in the centre of both hemispheres-it commands the commerce of the globe-it produces in unparalleled abundance all the necessaries and all the luxuries of life, whether civilized or savage. It is the natural key of India, the bridle of America, and is capable of superseding the whole of Europe in supplying this country with her accustomed articles of importation. . . . Make the Cape a free port for the nations of Europe, and we banish North America from the Indian seas: carry out as settlers all the families who have not bread nor labour here, and we lay for posterity another England, with which, by equitable and skilful government, the mother country will be joined in bands indissoluble.
CAPE COLONY: THOMAS COURTENAY TO HENRY GOULBURN, 18 August 18192
I have on former occasions submitted to His Majesty's Government the very strong representations which I have received from the____________________