British Colonial Developments, 1774-1834

By Vincent Harlow; Frederick Madden | Go to book overview
With respect to their exports, the representations of their agents are equally delusive. . . . In fact, a few well-established parishes or townships in Canada, covering a space of thirty or forty miles square, consume more British manufactures than all the Indian territories put together.--What then are we to think of those who would sacrifice colonization to the fur trade! . . .
D. SIERRA LEONE

47
ORDERS AND REGULATIONS FROM THE DIRECTORS OF THE SIERRA LEONE COMPANY TO THE SUPERINTENDENT AND COUNCIL FOR THE SETTLEMENT, 17911
...Cultivation
6. It has however clearly appeared to the Directors that an increase of the exportable African produce is the basis on which the extension of trade, proposed by the Act of Parliament, must ultimately rest; and since the Africans have been both directly and indirectly discouraged and even prevented by the slave trade from availing themselves of the natural advantages of their soil and climate, it must be the leading object of the Company to turn their views to cultivation.
7. 7. The most effectual means of doing this is for the Company to set them an example by a spirited cultivation in their own district,2 and on their own account; and as there is reason to think the Company will every way benefit in proportion to the agricultural improvements which they shall be able to bring about in Sierra Leone, so if such cultivation should become general on the African coast, the trade to Great Britain will proportionately be increased, its manufactures extended, and its interest as well as those of Africa promoted on the sound principles of a fair and reciprocal commerce.
8. 8. Both on the public ground therefore of advantage to Great Britain, and also that of profit to the Company, the introduction of a system of spirited cultivation in Africa is most highly desirable.
____________________
1
From the Melville Cotllection of State Papers, circa 1791. Printed in Sierra Leone Studies, vol. xviii, Nov. 1932, pp. 44-77. See also introduction by L. E. C. Evans in the same volume, pp. 26-42. The Board of Directors, consisting of merchants and philanthropists, included Henry Thornton, Philip Sanson, Sir C. Middleton, Sir G. Young, W. Wilberforce, Rev. T. Clarkson, J. Hardcastle, J. Kingston, S. Parker, Granville Sharp, W. Sandford, Vickeris Taylor, and G. Wolff. Lieutenant John Clarkson, R.N., the younger brother of the Rev. Thomas Clarkson, succeeded the first Superintendent when H. H. Dalrymple resigned. He had been in charge of the fleet which brought the Nova Scotians to the colony.
2
Compare Maitland's opinion of the need for a European example of cultivation in Ceylon, 21 May 1806 (C.O. 54/22).

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