tage industrious emigrant artificers and labourers would come here, were a free passage granted them by Government at home.
It is however essential that no prospect be held out to this class of emigrants beyond the usual reward which follows industry and regularity, and that if they are sent out at public expense they shall not continue to be maintained at such expense beyond a very limited period subsequent to their arrival (except in cases of sickness), which limitation must have the effect of forcing them into employment, from which numbers would hold back so long as they could find maintenance without working for it. It is also to be remembered that the class of emigrants is not in general composed of men of those industrious and orderly habits which would ensure to themselves success in their undertaking, but is more correctly described by Capt. Beaver as a set of 'drunken, laxy, dishonest, impatient cowards'. From such characters I must rely upon your Lordship's best endeavours to protect us, as it must be obvious how troublesome to the Colonial Magistracy and how injurious to our prosperity they would be.
Trusting that these observations are not irrelevant to the information your Lordship has required from me. . . .
CIRCULAR LETTER ISSUED BY THE COLONIAL OFFICE, 18191
I have to acquaint you in reply to your letter of the--that the following are the conditions under which it is proposed to give encouragement to emigration to the Cape of Good Hope.
The sufferings to which many individuals have been exposed who have emigrated to His Majesty's foreign possessions, unconnected and unprovided with any capital, or even the means of support, having been very afflicting to themselves, and equally burthensome to the colonies to which they have proceeded, the Government have determined to confine the application of the money recently voted by Address in the House of Commons, to those persons who possessing the means will engage to carry out, at the least, ten able-bodied individuals above eighteen years of age, with or without families, the Government always reserving to itself the right of selecting from the several offers made to them those which may prove upon examination to be most eligible.
In order to give some security to the Government, that the persons undertaking to make these establishments, have the means of doing so,____________________