MEMORIAL SUBMITTED BY THE SETTLERS IN THE DISTRICT OF ALBANY TO LORD BATHURST 10 March 18231
The subscribing colonists in South Africa, who emigrated in the year 1819 under the patronage of their native Government, are compelled by a sense of justice to themselves, and of duty to the Government under whose auspices they embarked, to lay before your Lordship a statement of the real circumstances which have prevented their advancement.
That whatever may have been the individual disappointments and failures incidental to so numerous an emigration, they do not present themselves to His Majesty's Government with any complaint of the natural disadvantages of the country to which they have been sent. . . .
That although the settlers must lament that in its earlier stages the prosperity of this settlement has been checked in several important instances, through the misapprehensions of the general or local authorities, yet they gratefully acknowledge the prompt and generous exertions of Government in providing the means of subsistence on the commencement of the settlement, and in alleviating as far as possible the severe visitations of repeated and total failures of their wheat crops. And they cannot omit the expression of their particular gratitude to the acting Governor, Sir Rufane Donkin, who devoted to their prosperity a great share of his personal attention; to whom they owed the establishment of a town in the centre of the new settlement, as the seat of its magistracy; and a system of military defence, during which they were free from Caffre depredations, by making arrangements for a friendly intercourse with the Caffres; and by his solicitous attentions to the interests and wishes of the settlers, he inspired them with a degree of energy and hope, of which they are now left only the recollection.
That it is the peculiar hardship of their situation, placed in a remote corner of the British dominions, with their whole interests and prospects committed to the unlimited control of one individual, and possessing no security that their situation is thoroughly understood or properly represented that they have been debarred all means of expressing their collective sentiments upon matters of the utmost importance to their common interests.
That it has long, and from the most distressing proofs, become evident to the settlers that the colonial Government (situated at the opposite extremity of the colony, where every particular, whether of soil and climate or the constitution, pursuits and interests of____________________