country, it is certainly convenient for the colonists to be at peace with them, but I consider their friendship to be above all things at present the true interest of the British Government.
10thly. As all the contests and disputes which have taken place between the Caffres and the people of the colony have originated in an illicit trade for cattle carried on under circumstances of much injustice on the part of the Boors, it will be necessary for Government to enforce the laws already existing relative to the Caffre intercourse with the inhabitants or to enact new ones upon that subject, therefore it has been recommended to Mr. Maynier to point out or recommend some plan to Government at the Cape, by means of which an exclusive trade with the Caffres, if necessary, for cattle may be established with the sanction or under the superintendency of the Agents of Government.
11thly. The events which have taken place in the district of Graaff Reinet having evinced the necessity for the presence of the troops in that quarter in order to awe the turbulent inhabitants and for supporting the Civil Magistrate in the execution of his office, a Post has therefore been established near the landing place on the coast of Algoa Bay named Fort Frederick. . . .
The confidence in and affection of the Caffres for our Government have been certainly lessened by late events, but I am of opinion a wise and prudent system of conduct may be expected to remove their prejudices and reconcile them to us. . . . The agitation into which the minds of the different descriptions of people in the district of Graaff Reinet have been lately thrown cannot be suddenly repressed, and possibly some of the Hottentots will continue to be guilty of crimes or for a time may commit outrages, nevertheless a formal warfare with them ought also to be avoided. . . .
Cape of Good Hope.
. . . I consider as a maxim of the first importance to the colony of the Cape of Good Hope, that all intercourse between the settlers and the Kaffres should be scrupulously prevented, until the former shall have increased considerably in numbers and are also much more advanced in arts and industry. The efforts of philanthropy may then, I hope, be safely and usefully exerted for the advantage of that people;____________________
Parl. Papers, 1835 (50), vol. xxxix, pp. 46-53: Printed in R.C.C., vol. vii ( 1900), pp. 99-106. Lieut.-Colonel Collins had made a journey on the eastern frontier as Commissioner for Graaff Reinet and Uitenhage. He made this report on his return. The Earl of Caledon, the first civil Governor, was at the Cape from 1807 to 1811.