Government,1 and on the other to promote the cultivation of land by means of free labourers, I have to signify to you His Majesty's pleasure that in any further grants of land which you may have occasion to make in the district of Uitenhage, or in any other settlements either to the northward of that district, or more immediately on the frontiers of Cafferland, you should make it a special condition of the several grants, that the lands so granted should be cultivated by free labourers alone, and that any employment of slaves upon them should render the lands subject to forfeiture.2 . . .
SIR THOMAS FOWELL BUXTON TO R. J. WILMOT HORTON, 15 April 18233
Spring Gardens Hotel.
MY DEAR SIR,
A severe indisposition is, I think, some, though a poor, apology for not having performed my promise of writing to you.
On the subject of the line I shall take about slavery, I must confess that my views are not absolutely determined, but, such as they are, I will state them. You will not, however, consider me absolutely and closely bound to them.
The subject divides itself into two parts:-the condition of the existing slaves, and the condition of their children.
With regard to the former, I wish the following improvements.
1. That the slaves should be attached to the island, and, under modifications, to the soil. 2. That they cease to be chattels in the eye of the law. 3. That their testimony be received quantum valeat. 4. That when anyone lays his claim to the services of a negro, the onus probandi should rest on the claimant. 5. That obstructions to manumission should be removed. 6. That the provisions of the____________________
Donkin acted as Governor in the absence of Lord Charles Somerset between 1820 and 1822 and remained a thorn in Somerset's side when, on his return, he sought to win Boer support by reversing Donkin's measures.