one of the Moravian establishments, or to the service of the inhabitants, but they ought to be prohibited from residing in the districts of Swellendam, Graaff-Reinet, or Uitenhage.
The brethen of Bethelsdorp should then, I think, be advised to suspend their views with regard to the Kaffres and Tambookies [Tembus] until a more favourable period, and encouraged to proceed to Madagascar or to the northern frontier; in the last event I conceive that the members of their institution should be confined to Bosjesmen, that they should not be allowed to have more Hottentots, or other description of people, than may be necessary as tradesmen or servants, suppose twenty persons of each sex, that they should be forbidden from employing or otherwise harbouring Kaffres or Ghonaquas [Gunukwebes], or persons being a mixture of, or connected with, those nations, and that they should be recommended to direct the attention of their pupils less to literary than to mechanical occupations. . . .
CAPE COLONY: PROCLAMATION BY GOVERNOR LORD CALEDON, 1 November 18091
Whereas it appears that the provisions made from time to time for securing the fulfilling of contracts of hire between the inhabitants of this colony and Hottentots are not sufficient for the intended purpose; and whereas for the benefit of this colony at large, it is necessary that not only the individuals of the Hottentot nation in the same manner as the other inhabitants should be subject to proper regularity in regard to their places of abode and occupation, but also that they should find an encouragement for preferring entering the service of the inhabitants to leading an indolent life, by which they are rendered useless both for themselves and the community at large;
I therefore have thought proper to establish and ordain, and by these presents do establish and ordain:
1st.--That all and every Hottentot in the different districts of this colony, in the same manner as all inhabitants, shall have a fixed place of abode in some one of the districts, and that an entry of the same shall be made in the office of the fiscal, or the respective landdrosts, and that they shall not be allowed to change their place of abode from one district to another, without a certificate from the fiscal or landdrost of the district from which they remove, which certificate they shall be bound to exhibit to the fiscal or landdrost of the district where____________________