The First Fifty Years of the Rhodes Trust and the Rhodes Scholarships, 1903-1953

By Godfrey Elton | Go to book overview

CHAPTER II
FIRST ARRIVALS

SO far as Oxford is concerned, the Rhodes Scholarships began in October 1903, when six South Africans and five Germans came into residence. A seventh South African belonging to 1903 postponed one term, and came up in January 1904.

Only Germans and South Africans were elected for 1903, for the simple reason that there was as yet no machinery anywhere for electing Rhodes Scholars. But Germany needed no machinery. The Scholarships had been left to the 'German Emperor for the time being', and the Kaiser had no difficulty in nominating five Scholars in time for them to reach Oxford by October 1903. And South Africa, too, could get on, for the moment at any rate, without machinery. The Founder had left one Scholarship to Natal, and one each to four named Schools in Cape Colony, and three annual Scholarships to Rhodesia. The Schools at once nominated their Scholars, and in Natal and Rhodesia the Directors of Education were authorized to make recommendations to the Trustees. That is why it was possible for the year 1903 to steal a march on 1904 and, in however incomplete a fashion, to inaugurate the Rhodes Scholarships in Oxford.

But these seven South Africans and five Germans were not, strictly, the first Rhodes Scholars. They were only the first to reach Oxford. Already before his death Mr. Rhodes had begun to experiment with Scholarships to Oxford, by giving one to the Diocesan College School at Rondebosch, in which, as his neighbour, he had taken a close and affectionate interest. The first election to this Scholarship was held in February 1902. The School authorities, having difficulty in deciding between two candidates, consulted Rhodes as to whether the Scholarship might be divided between the two boys. Mr. Rhodes replied: 'If two boys are very close please understand it is within your

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The First Fifty Years of the Rhodes Trust and the Rhodes Scholarships, 1903-1953
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface v
  • EDITOR''s FOREWORD vii
  • Acknowledgements ix
  • Contents xi
  • Chapter I- THE BEGINNINGS xiii
  • Chapter II- Lord Lothian and the Years of Peace 16
  • Chapter III- World War Again 33
  • Chapter IV- The New Era 44
  • II- THE RHODES SCHOLARS AND OXFORD 1902-31 57
  • Chapter II- First Arrivals 77
  • Chapter III- Settling Down 92
  • Chapter IV- War 103
  • Chapter V- Change 111
  • III- THE RHODES SCHOLARS AND OXFORD 1931-52 127
  • Chapter II- The System at Work 134
  • Chapter III- The Second World War 161
  • Chapter IV- Peace and Its Problems 174
  • IV- THE AMERICAN SCHOLARSHIPS 183
  • Chapter II- Post-War Changes 202
  • V- RECORDS AND STATISTICS 217
  • Appendix TRUSTEES AND OFFICERS OF THE RHODES TRUST 1955 267
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