Mental Health Promotion: A Lifespan Approach

By Mima Cattan; Sylvia Tilford | Go to book overview

Appendix 2

Definitions of mental health and mental health promotion in
international documents on mental health promotion
Mental health is:
Prevention of Mental Disorders (WHO 2004a: 16): Health is ‘a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being, and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity’.
Promoting Mental Health: Concepts, Emerging Evidence (WHO 2004b: 12): ‘a state of well-being in which the individual realizes his or her abilities, can cope with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully and is able to make a contribution to his or her community’.
Promoting Mental Health Concepts: Emerging Evidence Practice (Herrman et al. 2005): As WHO (2004b).
Mental Health Action Plan for Europe (WHO European Ministerial Conference on Mental Health 2005: 1): ‘Mental health and well-being are fundamental to quality of life, enabling people to experience life as meaningful and to be creative and active citizens. Mental health is an essential component of social cohesion, productivity and peace and stability in the living environment, contributing to social capital and economic development in societies’.
Mental Health Promotion and Prevention Strategies for Coping with Anxiety, Depression and Stress Related Disorders in Europe (Berkels et al. 2004): Mental health is affected by biological, psychological, sociological, economic, political and cultural forces.
Improving the Mental Health of the Population: Towards a Strategy on Mental Health for the European Union (Commission of the European Communities 2005): As WHO (2004b).
Principles of Mental Health Promotion: Prevention of Mental Disorders (WHO 2004a: 16): ‘Mental health promotion aims to impact on the determinants of mental health so as to increase positive mental health, to reduce inequalities, to build social capital, to create health gain and to narrow the gap in health expectancies between countries and groups’ (from the Jakarta Declaration for Health Promotion, WHO 1997). Preventive interventions focus on reducing risk factors and enhancing protective factors associated with mental ill health.
Promoting Mental Health: Concepts, Emerging Evidence (WHO 2004b): Mental health promotion is an integral part of public health and not just the absence of disease; associated with behaviour at all stages of life; linked to social and economic determinants of health dependent on partnerships across all sectors and the utilization of the full spectrum of health promotion methods.
Promoting Mental Health Concepts: Emerging Evidence Practice (Herrman et al. 2005):

-228-

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Mental Health Promotion: A Lifespan Approach
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Mental Health Promotion - A Lifespan Approach iii
  • Contents v
  • List of Figures, Tables and Boxes vi
  • List of Contributors viii
  • Foreword xi
  • Preface xiii
  • Acknowledgements xv
  • List of Abbreviations xvi
  • 1: Introduction 1
  • 2: What Is Mental Health? 8
  • 3: Mental Health Promotion 33
  • 4: Infancy and Childhood (0–5 Years and 6–12 Years) 64
  • 5: Adolescence and Emerging Adulthood (12–17 Years and 18–24 Years) 100
  • 6: Adulthood 137
  • 7: Older People 176
  • 8: Concluding Comments and the Future of Mental Health Promotion 214
  • Appendix 1 226
  • Appendix 2 228
  • Appendix 3 230
  • Glossary 232
  • Index 236
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