c 1500 BC
First evidence for some languages of the Indo-European group.
c 1000–500 BC
Emergence of Proto-Germanic.
c 300–200 BC
Break-up of Proto-Germanic.
c 45–c 410
Britain becomes part of the Roman Empire, forming the Roman colony ‘Britannia’.
Collapse of Roman Empire; Romans leave Britain.
Traditional date for the invasion of Britain by the Angles, Saxons, and Jutes.
Arrival of Roman mission in England and introduction of Christianity.
Augustine becomes the first Archbishop of Canterbury.
Synod of Whitby.
Presumed date of composition of Cædmon’s Hymn.
First surviving written evidence of Old English.
Lindisfarne Gospels written (in Latin).
Bede completes his Ecclesiastical History of the English People (in Latin).
Death of Bede.
Reign of Offa as King of Mercia.
Period of Scandinavian invasion begins.
Sacking of the monastery at Lindisfarne by Scandinavian invaders.
Alfred born in Wantage, Oxfordshire.
Scandinavian settlement in England.