THIS WORK IS BASED ON MY DOCTORAL DISSERTAtion at the University of Illinois, Urbana. I thank my committee: 0. Vernon Burton, Evan M. Melhado, and Daniel C. Littlefield. I have been working on this book for more than a decade and have incorporated papers from seminars led by these advisers: Frederick C Jaher of the University of Illinois for the section on nurses, William S. Peterson for the military analysis of why the North won, David Carlton of Vanderbilt University for the survey of Confederate medical administration, Wayne Cutler of the University of Tennessee for the review of Hammond's court martial, and Clark Spence of the University of Illinois for prewar U.S. Army medicine. Robert Johannsen advanced the idea of presenting history by withholding knowledge from the reader that was not available to participants. - I thank the following individuals for reading over parts of the work: Edward B. Davis of Messiah College, Grantham, Pennsylvania; J. Patrick O'Leary of the Louisiana State University School of Medicine; and Robert H. Alford and John Tarpley of Vanderbilt University. Brandon Lunday took the excellent photographs and Ann Rees and Mary Margaret Peel drew the maps. I also thank Peter J. D'Onofrio, Alex Peck, William D. Sharpe, and Mary Teloh for encouragement at key moments during my study of Civil War medicine. The Department of Veterans Affairs provided sabbatical time to write this work, despite the fact that we did not see many Civil War veterans at our institution.
Most of all I thank my wife.