1. See Omi and Winant.
2. Recent popular history texts have framed the black past specifically in holocaust terms. See S. E. Anderson, Clarke, and Del Jones.
3. See Hollinger.
4. The foundational text for the study of abjection is Kristeva, but there have been many other studies on specific literary works since then, including a few on Toni Morrison, which will be cited in the chapter on Beloved.
5. The range of work in cultural studies is vast. A useful sample of that range can be found in During. The work of Stuart Hall, Paul Gilroy, and bell hooks has been especially important for African diasporic cultural studies.
6. On trauma theory, the following are relevant to this study: Aberbach, Caruth, Felman and Laub, and Horowitz.
7. See Lawrence Langer on the complexities and falsification of attempting to incorporate the incomprehensibility of the Holocaust within rational and moral discourse.
8. This is the meaning of historical narrative as it is articulated by Georg Lukacs in The Historical Novel.
9. On the historical novel tradition and the problematics of the genre, see Budick, Kennedy and Fogel, Hutcheon, Juan-Navarro, Jacobs, Cowart, Wright, Foley, and Henderson.
1. Among the works informing this discussion are Dent; Ferguson et al.; Gilroy, Black Atlantic; Guerrero; hooks; Lubiano; Merelman; and Greg Tate.
2. For a discussion of the significance of racialized bodies, see Doyle.
3. See hooks, Black Looks; Morrison, Race-ing Justice; Collins, Fighting Words; Dent; and Greg Tate. For a somewhat different reading of the function of black cultural elements in American society, see Merelman.
4. The discourse of the neoconservatives is remarkably similar, regardless of discipline. See Crouch, All-American Skin Game; D'Souza; Herrnstein and Murray; Lefko-