The creation of new global rules and the higher profile given to intellectual property (IP) has led to growing attention being paid to these than before. The impact of IP on many aspects of life – from food to health, from education to artistic endeavours – has led to a growing concern about whether the new rules strike the right balance between private and public interest and between countries with very different levels of wealth, power, agricultural practices and technological capacities.
Chapter 8 draws together some of the responses from civil society to the changing rules and concerns arising from them, particularly how the IP rules are shaping the direction of research and development. Chapter 9 reflects on the earlier chapters and makes some observations based on those reflections. Finally, Chapter 10 discusses the nature of global negotiations and various alternative futures and the roles the rules will play in influencing them.