Schools Betrayed: Roots of Failure in Inner-City Education

By Kathryn M. Neckerman | Go to book overview

APPENDIX A

Quantitative Evidence

This appendix describes the data sources and methods of analysis for quantitative evidence presented in the book.


Chicago School Enrollment, Expenditures,
Teacher Salaries, and Graduates

Chapters 1 and 5 use information on Chicago's public schools drawn from the Proceedings volumes published annually by the Chicago Board of Education and available in the Regenstein Library at the University of Chicago.

Average daily membership (fig. 1.2)—A good measure of demand for teachers and classroom space is the average daily membership for the month of October. Average daily membership figures are slightly lower than but correlated with enrollment; membership figures taken in October are not affected by the attrition that took place over the school year. For the sake of comparability, high school membership figures include all students in grades nine through twelve, including those of junior high school age; even at the peak of junior high school enrollment in Chicago, around 1930, only a minority of students in the relevant grades attended junior high.

Per-pupil spending for education (fig. 1.4)—The measure of school spending is drawn from budgets published in the annual Proceedings

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Schools Betrayed: Roots of Failure in Inner-City Education
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Acknowledgments xi
  • Introduction 1
  • Chapter One - Urban Decline 11
  • Chapter Two - Labor Markets 32
  • Chapter Three - Communities and Cultures 60
  • Chapter Four - Racial Segregation and Inequality 81
  • Chapter Five - Vocational Education 107
  • Chapter Six - Remedial Education 127
  • Chapter Seven - Classroom Dynamics 152
  • Conclusion 172
  • Appendix A - Quantitative Evidence 185
  • Appendix B - Some Historical Evidence About Language Styles and Schooling 193
  • Notes 197
  • Selected Bibliography 243
  • Index 253
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