Karl Marx, Anthropologist

By Thomas C. Patterson | Go to book overview
1849The Neue Rheinische Zeitung suppressed by Prussian government; Marx and Engels arrested and subsequently released; Marx deported and deprived of citizenship. June: Marx and family arrive in Paris, are placed under police surveillance in July, and leave in late August for London; Engels participates in armed uprising in South Germany, escapes as refugee, returns to England, re-enters family firm in Manchester as clerk.
1851–3Marx and Engels analyze the failed revolutions of 1848–9; Marx's The Class Struggle in France, 1848 to 1850 (1850) and The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte (1852) and Engels's Revolution and Counter Revolution in Germany (1851–3).
1853–7Marx writes series of articles for New York Daily Tribune on colonialism and plunder of India, destruction of Indian textile economy, complexity of Indian society, village communities, and subversion of traditional property relations and creation of new property relations during colonial rule.
1857–9Marx synthesizes his philosophical anthropology, critique of political economy, and notions of pre-capitalist modes of production in Grundrisse (1857–58) and A Contribution to the Critique of Political Economy (1859).
1861–3Marx historicizes and further refines his views on labor, the importance and appearance of surplus values, and the role of competition and monopoly in creating dependence in an increasingly international capitalist economy in his early drafts of the three volumes of Capital.
1864Formation of the International Workingman's Association (i.e. The First International) in which Marx and Engels would play prominent roles until it was disbanded in 1876.
1867Marx publishes first volume of Capital (1867), which analyzes the simple reproduction of capital and primitive accumulation using anthropological and historical information.
1870Social relations and contradictions of the Paris Commune analyzed by Marx in The Civil War in France (1871).
1875Marx circulates his Critique of the Gotha Program, a proposal put forward by socialists and communists in the German Democratic Workers Party who advocate social reform rather than revolution.
1876Engels writes The Part Played by Labor in the Transition from Ape to Man.
1877–82Marx writes large part of second volume of Capital, including section on the circuits of capital and expanded reproduction of capital; this was buttressed by readings of rural social organization in Russia, changes in global property resulting from colonialism and intrusion of capitalism into non-Western, non-capitalist societies in order to understand interconnections of cultural diversity and capitalist expansion; Marx circulates Workers' Questionnaire (1880).

-xii-

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Karl Marx, Anthropologist
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Preface ix
  • Chronology xi
  • Introduction 1
  • 1: The Enlightenment and Anthropology 9
  • 2: Marx's Anthropology 39
  • 3: Human Natural Beings 65
  • 4: History, Culture, and Social Formation 91
  • 5: Capitalism and the Anthropology of the Modern World 117
  • 6: Anthropology for the Twenty-First Century 145
  • Notes 173
  • Bibliography 181
  • Index 219
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