RANDAL W. SUMMERS is an adjunct professor in the Business Administration Program at the University of Phoenix, Northern California campus. He is also a general partner and executive director in the consulting firm of Summers and Associates. He has been a director and a manager in computer software, government, health care, and Fortune 100 companies specializing in human resource development, organizational development, and curriculum development. Dr. Summers has been a contributing author in a number of books, including Total Quality Management: Implications for Higher Education(1995); Schools, Violence and Society (1996); and Violence on Campus: Defining the Problems, Strategies for Action(1998). He is a co-editor of Teen Violence: A Global View, part of the series entitled A World View of Social Issues (Greenwood, 2000).
ALLAN M. HOFFMAN is a nationally recognized expert on issues associated with violence and violence prevention. He is a frequent guest on radio and television and is often quoted in news articles concerning violence issues. Dr. Hoffman is dean and professor at the College of Health Sciences at the Des Moines University. He is also director of the Center for the Prevention of Community Violence and is an experienced educator and human services administrator. He has held executive-level positions in higher education and health care, and he has been a visiting scholar, adjunct professor, clinical professor, and professor at several institutions. He has co