W.E.B. Du Bois: An Encyclopedia

By Gerald Horne; Mary Young | Go to book overview

U

UNIONS AND STRIKES

After the Emancipation Proclamation, some labor unions welcomed blacks as a way of ending poverty and other social ills. In 1876, the Knights of Labor held its first national convention and proclaimed no distinctions of “race, creed or color.” Union campaigns proceeded in the South, resulting in fourteen unions of black carpenters and marking the beginning of unionized black workers. Unfortunately, dissension within the ranks of the Knights of Labor led to its decline. On its heels emerged the American Federation of Labor (AFL) as a larger and more successful movement. The AFL, however, seemed less inclined to include black workers, and the AFL allowed its unions to amend its laws to exclude blacks.

Between 1881 and 1900, there were fifty strikes by U.S. workers protesting black employment and their nonunion status. Paradoxically, these same union protesters opposed blacks joining unions. Thus, African Americans began a protracted struggle for their democratic rights as workers and citizens.

W.E.B. Du Bois' interest in unions was piqued by his growing realization that it was not just the poor white laboring classes responsible for the suppression of blacks in unions. His studies revealed a universal problem of the exploitation of labor by management and big business. Upon examining labor problems in the United States, Africa, Asia, and the Caribbean, Du Bois realized that imperialism drove the world economy and that its primary aim was to obtain cheap materials and labor to compensate for private profits and higher wages paid to white workers in Europe and the United States. Du Bois also took a great interest in apartheid in South Africa and sharply criticized its political, economic, and legal discrimination against blacks and other people of color.

Because African Americans were not allowed to join labor unions, some

-207-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
W.E.B. Du Bois: An Encyclopedia
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents vii
  • Foreword: The Dissenting Temperament of W.E.B. Du Bois ix
  • Preface xvii
  • Introduction xix
  • Chronology xxv
  • A 1
  • B 23
  • C 37
  • D 49
  • E 67
  • F 79
  • G 83
  • H 93
  • I 107
  • J 111
  • K 119
  • L 121
  • M 129
  • N 141
  • O 151
  • P 157
  • Q 173
  • R 177
  • S 191
  • T 203
  • U 207
  • V 211
  • W 213
  • Selected Bibliography 227
  • Index 241
  • About the Contributors 249
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 254

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.