Following World War I, European nations and the United States met at Versailles near Paris to arrange “terms of peace” for all countries. During the time of the Peace Conference at Versailles, Du Bois was organizing the PanAfrican Congress of 1919 in Paris. Its purpose was to bring together leaders of black people throughout the world to plan political, economic, and educational reforms for all people of color. Du Bois' proposal was not a call for racial separatism but a call for the centralization of race effort and the recognition of racial harmony.
At the conclusion of the Pan-African meeting, Du Bois focused on three main ideas. First, European and American powers would be asked to turn over German colonies to an international organization. Next, they would be asked to establish a code of law for the protection of black Africans. Finally, the Allies would be asked to administer equal and fair treatment in the governing of African people.
Du Bois attended the Peace Conference at Versailles as a delegate of the NAACP. Du Bois lobbied for his ambitious ideas of colonization and the issues of the people of color as set forth at the Pan-African Congress. Unfortunately, the diplomats at the conference were not sympathetic to his ideas.
Even though the Pan-African Congress of 1919 did not influence the deliberations at the Peace Conference at Versailles, Du Bois believed it was successful because it brought to the forefront the concerns of Black people worldwide. See also: Colonialism; France; Pan-Africanism.