Sports: A Reference Guide and Critical Commentary, 1980-1999

By Donald L. Deardorff II | Go to book overview

12
Sport and World History

Without question, the history of world sport is an immense topic, especially when one considers the long history of athletics in each country as well as the current issues facing nations around the world. It is hard to think of a more worthwhile subject, especially considering the fury with which sport is pursued around the globe. From the colorful pageantry of bull fighting in Spain, to the heated cricket fields of India, the snowy ski slopes of Germany and Switzerland, the long, dry, overland cross-country routes of Nigeria or Kenya, or the icy fjords on which skaters train in Norway, there can be little doubt that sport plays an integral part in the lives of people everywhere. Of course, the 1980 Olympic boycott by the United States and the separate Olympics held by the Eastern block nations in 1984 remind us that for some time sport has been an important political card played by governments in their attempts to impose ideologies and policies on the rest of the world. Naturally, one cannot overlook the economic impact of sport. One need only examine the mini financial boom experienced by France after the 1998 World Cup of Soccer to realize how important hosting an international competition can be to the fiscal health of any nation. This chapter contains brief analyses of several of the sources produced over the last two decades that deal in one way or another with the place of sport in the international arena. The ways that sport has been shaped by political ideology and governmental policy have been of special interest to scholars, who have penned several quality works that show how sport in most countries has been and continues to be the product of specific political climates and governmental agendas. In addition, many researchers have focused their efforts on how sports have developed in specific countries, often showing how athletics evolved through various time periods because of unique cultural circumstances. While excellent studies have been done on many nations, Great Britain has been a particularly popular subject of scholarly inquiry. Enough good books now exist that students can learn about the practice and significance of sport in every decade of England's

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Sports: A Reference Guide and Critical Commentary, 1980-1999
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Contents v
  • Preface vii
  • Introduction ix
  • 1: Sport and American History 1
  • 2: Sport: Business and Law 27
  • 3: Sport and Education 57
  • 4: Sport: Ethnicity and Race 97
  • 5: Sport and Gender 115
  • 6: Sport and Literature 137
  • 7: Sport: Philosophy and Religion 163
  • 8: Sport and Popular Culture 193
  • 9: Sport and Psychology 213
  • 10: Sport: Science and Technology 245
  • 11: Sport and Sociology 273
  • 12: Sport and World History 297
  • Appendix 1 - Important Events in American Sports: 1980–2000 325
  • Appendix 2 - Halls of Fame, Libraries, Museums, Periodicals, and Web Sites 335
  • Index 343
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