Restorative Justice and Responsive Regulation

By John Braithwaite | Go to book overview

6
World Peacemaking

RESTORATIVE AND RESPONSIVE REGULATION
OF WORLD PEACE
This chapter argues that both the restorative justice paradigm and the responsive regulation paradigms are useful for reconfiguring how to struggle for world peace. I argue that this is especially true of the conditions since 1989, where war has been widespread but not about confrontations between major powers. While it remains true that major powers can use their clout to mediate disputes in the shadow of a pyramid of coercive interventions, this rarely solves the underlying sources of late modern wars. We find the sources of these wars are often the fragmentation and low legitimacy of weak states, ethnic divisions that are prized open by warmongers who seek to plunder weak states as much as to rule them. The capacity of bottom-up restorative justice, revealed in earlier chapters, to build state legitimacy, heal ethnic division, and undercut hatemongers has a distinctive relevance to these new geopolitical conditions. However, a responsive global regulatory strategy is also needed to complement and connect restorative peacemaking to top-down preventive diplomacy and negotiated cessation of hostilities.The main conclusions of the chapter are as follows:
1. The wealthy democracies (OECD members) coexist peacefully, transacting their disputes in an increasingly restorative fashion. Democraticgovernance and economic strength grounded in interdependence are reasons for that peace.
2. Less democratic, economically weak states have been the sites of a proliferation of mostly internal armed conflicts. Failure of democratic governance and poverty are reasons for these wars, which are characterized by plunder of the state, rape of the people, and prizing open ethnic divisions.
3.. Important moves in the direction of a restorative diplomacy have been preventive diplomacy, conceived by Dag Hammarskjö ld and reinvented

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Restorative Justice and Responsive Regulation
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents xiii
  • 1: The Fall and Rise of Restorative Justice 3
  • 2: Responsive Regulation 29
  • 3: Does Restorative Justice Work? 45
  • 4: Theories That Might Explain Why Restorative Justice Works 73
  • 5: Worries About Restorative Justice 137
  • 6: World Peacemaking 169
  • 7: Sustainable Development 211
  • 8: Transforming the Legal System 239
  • References 269
  • Index 297
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