1. The first speaker, Percy Bunting, addressed the 1899 International Congress on the White Slave Trade in London. See National Vigilance Association, The White Slave Trade: Transactions of the International Congress on the White Slave Trade (London: National Vigilance Association, 1899), 66–67, GL FAI Brochures, 300(6), 343.545.NVA(758). The second speaker, Henry J. Wilson, a member of Parliament in Great Britain, was associated with the International Abolitionist Federation. See National Vigilance Association, “White Slave Traffic: International Congress Under the Auspices of the National Vigilance Association Held at the Westminster Palace Hotel on Wednesday June 21, Thursday 22nd, Friday 23rd, 1899,” The Vigilance Record, 1899 (July):6–7, WL.
2. I use the term globalization to refer to the worldwide expansion of material and symbolic infrastructures that increase global connectedness. This expansion entails the transformation of social relations and power. The nineteenth century experienced a massive wave of globalization, generally understood to have continued until 1914. See, for example, Held and McGrew 2000 for an overview of contemporary debates about globalization.
3. See, for example, Offen 2000 and Rupp 1997 on the history of European and international feminisms and their efforts on these issues.
4. In using the term sexuality, I am referring to socially constructed meanings, expectations, practices, and identities pertaining to sex.
5. Kligman 1998; Mosse 1985; Stoler 1997b; Yuval-Davis 1998.
6. Clancy-Smith and Gouda 1998; Gal and Kligman 2000; Nagel 2003; Stoler 1989; Yuval-Davis 1998.
7. Nagel 1998:255–256.