France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944

By Julian Jackson | Go to book overview

Appendix The Camps of Vichy France
It is difficult to provide a full list of camps, and this list is far from exhaustive. The number of camps, and the use which was made of them, fluctuated constantly. In September 1940, not long after the signature of the Armistice, there were no fewer than thirty-one camps in the Unoccupied Zone and about fifteen in the Occupied Zone. A few of these fell into disuse; others were converted to new uses by Vichy; many more were created. Some camps were tiny, with only a score or so of inmates; others had several thousand inmates.The following list gives the date of the setting up of each camp. Although some camps were restricted to only one category of inmate, most were not. Almost all camps were at some time or other used to intern Jews, and some were used uniquely for this purpose, but other inmates included Communists and other dissidents, Jews, foreigners, gypsies, black-marketeers (from June 1941), abortionists (from February 1942), prostitutes (from August 1943).There were also several camps in North Africa (Boghari, Colomb-Bechar, Djelfa, etc.), and there was one German concentration camp in Alsace-Lorraine.
1. Rieucros (January 1939): originally for 'foreign undesirables'; became mainly a women's camp.
2. Argelès (February 1939): originally for Spanish refugees.
3. Saint-Cyprien (February 1939): originally for Spanish refugees; in 1940 Jews from the Palatinate sent there.
4. Barcarès (February 1939): originally for Spanish refugees.
5. Gurs (April 1939): originally for Spanish refugees; in 1940 Jews from Baden sent there.
6. Bram (September 1939): originally for nationals of enemy countries.
7. Agde (September 1939): originally for nationals from enemy countries.
8. Septfonds (September 1939): originally for nationals from enemy countries.
9. Casseneuil and Tombebouc (autumn 1939): originally for nationals from enemy countries; later used for foreign workers in GTEs.
10. Le Vernet (October 1939): disciplinary camp originally for foreign 'political suspects'.
11. Milles (May 1940): for German nationals; became a transit camp for those wishing to emigrate from Marseilles.
12. Chibron (June 1940): mainly used to intern Communists.
13. Saint-Sulpice (October 1940): set up to intern Jews after law of 4 October 1940.
14. Brems (October 1940): set up to intern Jews after law of 4 October 1940.
15. Aincourt (October 1940): mainly used to intern Communists from the Paris region.

-633-

Notes for this page

Add a new note
If you are trying to select text to create highlights or citations, remember that you must now click or tap on the first word, and then click or tap on the last word.
One moment ...
Default project is now your active project.
Project items
Notes
Cite this page

Cited page

Style
Citations are available only to our active members.
Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

(Einhorn, 1992, p. 25)

(Einhorn 25)

(Einhorn 25)

1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

Note: primary sources have slightly different requirements for citation. Please see these guidelines for more information.

Cited page

Bookmark this page
France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Maps and Figure xvi
  • Abbreviations xvii
  • Introduction: Historians and the Occupation 1
  • Part I - Anticipations 21
  • 1: The Shadow of War: Cultural Anxieties and Modern Nightmares 27
  • 2: Rethinking the Republic: 1890-1934 43
  • 3: Class War/Civil War 65
  • 4: The German Problem 81
  • 5: The Daladier Moment: Prelude to Vichy or Republican Revival? 97
  • 6: The Debacle 112
  • Part II - The Regime: National Revolution and Collaboration 137
  • 7: The National Revolution 142
  • 8: Collaboration 166
  • 9: Collaborationism 190
  • 10: Laval in Power: 1942–1943 213
  • Part III - Vichy, the Germans, and the French People 237
  • 11: Propaganda, Policing, and Administration 246
  • 12: Public Opinion, Vichy, and the Germans 272
  • 13: Intellectuals, Artists, and Entertainers 300
  • 14: Reconstructing Mankind 327
  • 15: Vichy and the Jews 354
  • Part IV - The Resistance 383
  • 16: The Free French 1940-1942 389
  • 17: The Resistance 1940-1942 402
  • 18: De Gaulle and the Resistance 1942 427
  • 19: Power Struggles 1943 447
  • 20: Resistance in Society 475
  • 21: Remaking France 506
  • Part V - Liberation and After 525
  • 22: Towards Liberation: January to June 1944 529
  • 23: Liberations 544
  • 24: A New France? 570
  • Epilogue: Remembering the Occupation 601
  • Appendix: The Camps of Vichy France 633
  • Bibliographical Essay 637
  • Index 647
Settings

Settings

Typeface
Text size Smaller Larger Reset View mode
Search within

Search within this book

Look up

Look up a word

  • Dictionary
  • Thesaurus
Please submit a word or phrase above.
Print this page

Print this page

Why can't I print more than one page at a time?

Help
Full screen
Items saved from this book
  • Bookmarks
  • Highlights & Notes
  • Citations
/ 660

matching results for page

    Questia reader help

    How to highlight and cite specific passages

    1. Click or tap the first word you want to select.
    2. Click or tap the last word you want to select, and you’ll see everything in between get selected.
    3. You’ll then get a menu of options like creating a highlight or a citation from that passage of text.

    OK, got it!

    Cited passage

    Style
    Citations are available only to our active members.
    Buy instant access to cite pages or passages in MLA 8, MLA 7, APA and Chicago citation styles.

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn, 1992, p. 25).

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences." (Einhorn 25)

    "Portraying himself as an honest, ordinary person helped Lincoln identify with his audiences."1

    1. Lois J. Einhorn, Abraham Lincoln, the Orator: Penetrating the Lincoln Legend (Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1992), 25, http://www.questia.com/read/27419298.

    Cited passage

    Thanks for trying Questia!

    Please continue trying out our research tools, but please note, full functionality is available only to our active members.

    Your work will be lost once you leave this Web page.

    Buy instant access to save your work.

    Already a member? Log in now.

    Search by... Author
    Show... All Results Primary Sources Peer-reviewed

    Oops!

    An unknown error has occurred. Please click the button below to reload the page. If the problem persists, please try again in a little while.