France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944

By Julian Jackson | Go to book overview

Bibliographical Essay

Full references to the material used in the writing of this book can be found in the footnotes. The purpose of this essay is to provide a guide to the most important studies on the Occupation period. Where an English translation exists I have cited it. Unless otherwise mentioned, the place of publication of books in English is London and of books in French Paris.


Bibliographies

There are two useful bibliographies: H. Michel, Bibliographie critique de la Résistance (1964) and D. Evleth, France under German Occupation 1940–1944: An Annotated Bibliography (New York, 1991). But so much work has been produced since 1990 that both of these are badly out of date.

For a (not entirely comprehensive) list of clandestine Resistance publications, there is the Bibliothèque nationale s Catalogue des périodiques clandestins diffusés en France de 1939) à 1945 (1954). For a bibliography of the authorized press see D. Evleth, The Authorized Press in Vichy and German-Occupied France 1940–1944 (1999).


General Studies

J.-P. Azéma, From Munich to the Liberation 1938–1944 (Cambridge, 1979) has been the standard textbook for twenty years. J.-P. Azéma and F. Bédarida (eds.), La France des années noires, 2 vols. (1993) is a collective work on the entire history of the Occupation with chapters by most leading historians of the period. It is accessible and well illustrated. H. Amouroux, La Grande Histoire des Français sous l'Occupation, 8 vols. (1976–91) offers a mass of picturesque detail but no interpretation. At the other extreme, H. R. Kedward, Occupied France: Collaboration and Resistance (Oxford, 1985) is very short but has many insights. I. Ousby Occupation, the Ordeal of France, 1940–1944 (1997) is a recent study by a non-professional historian. It is readable and perceptive. B. Gordon (ed.), Historical Dictionary of World War Two France: The Occupation, Vichy and the Resistance, 1938–1946 (Westport, Conn., 1998) is a useful reference book, but the selection of entries is somewhat eccentric and somewhat modish (why Casablanca not Le Corbeau, why Antoine Blondin not Yves Bouthillier, why Jean Bazaine not Joseph Barthélemy?). For a more conventional approach see M. and J.-P. Cointet, Dictionnaire historique de la France sous l'Occupation(2000).


Background

It has been one of the arguments of this book that the Occupation can only be understood in the wider context of French history in the previous forty years, if

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France: The Dark Years, 1940-1944
Table of contents

Table of contents

  • Title Page iii
  • Preface vii
  • Contents ix
  • List of Maps and Figure xvi
  • Abbreviations xvii
  • Introduction: Historians and the Occupation 1
  • Part I - Anticipations 21
  • 1: The Shadow of War: Cultural Anxieties and Modern Nightmares 27
  • 2: Rethinking the Republic: 1890-1934 43
  • 3: Class War/Civil War 65
  • 4: The German Problem 81
  • 5: The Daladier Moment: Prelude to Vichy or Republican Revival? 97
  • 6: The Debacle 112
  • Part II - The Regime: National Revolution and Collaboration 137
  • 7: The National Revolution 142
  • 8: Collaboration 166
  • 9: Collaborationism 190
  • 10: Laval in Power: 1942–1943 213
  • Part III - Vichy, the Germans, and the French People 237
  • 11: Propaganda, Policing, and Administration 246
  • 12: Public Opinion, Vichy, and the Germans 272
  • 13: Intellectuals, Artists, and Entertainers 300
  • 14: Reconstructing Mankind 327
  • 15: Vichy and the Jews 354
  • Part IV - The Resistance 383
  • 16: The Free French 1940-1942 389
  • 17: The Resistance 1940-1942 402
  • 18: De Gaulle and the Resistance 1942 427
  • 19: Power Struggles 1943 447
  • 20: Resistance in Society 475
  • 21: Remaking France 506
  • Part V - Liberation and After 525
  • 22: Towards Liberation: January to June 1944 529
  • 23: Liberations 544
  • 24: A New France? 570
  • Epilogue: Remembering the Occupation 601
  • Appendix: The Camps of Vichy France 633
  • Bibliographical Essay 637
  • Index 647
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