The Uses of Grammar

By Judith Rodby; W. Ross Winterowd | Go to book overview

CHAPTEER
14
Adverbials: Clauses and
Adverbial Conjunctions

CHAPTER PREVIEW
Clauses can function as adverbials. In the following sentence, yesterday is an adverb of time:
Yesterday Spot bit the letter carrier.

And in the following sentence, the clause is an adverbial of time:

When the mail came, Spot bit the letter carrier.
Spot bit the letter carrier when the mail came.
Adverbial clauses express ideas of time, cause and effect, and contrast and condition.
After the family ate supper, they all chewed antacid tablets. [time]
Since no one claimed the puppy, the children took it home as a companion for Spot. [cause and effect]
Although the sky was cloudy, a warm breeze blew from the ocean. [contrast and condition]
Adverbial clauses are movable. They can occur before or after the independent clause.
After the ceremony ended, the bride and groom left for Niagara Falls.
The bride and groom left for Niagara Falls after the ceremony ended.
Conjunctive adverbs such as however or moreover are used in independent clauses and can be moved within the clause. A semicolon must be used when two independent clauses are joined with a conjunctive adverb.
The stew was inedible; however, the pie was delicious.
The stew was inedible; the pie, however, was delicious.
The stew was inedible; the pie was delicious, however.

-201-

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