W. Ray CrozierandLynn E. Alden
BIOLOGICAL BASES OF INHIBITION AND SHYNESS
The Emergence of Self-consciousness
FAMILY INFLUENCES ON SHYNESS
The considerable amount of attention that is currently paid to shyness in the child development literature owes much to the significant programme of longitudinal research into the temperamental category of behavioural inhibition undertaken by Jerome Kagan and his associates at Harvard. In itself, this programme has yielded considerable insights into the origins and development of shyness. In addition, it has stimulated important research in other laboratories, for example, by Fox and his colleagues at Maryland (see Chapter 2) and Stevenson-Hinde and her co-workers at Madingley, Cambridge, in the United Kingdom (see Chapter 3). However, other research traditions within developmental psychology have also contributed to our understanding of shyness and social anxiety. In this brief introduction to Section One we consider some of these contributions and also draw attention to links that are currently being made between them and the temperamental approach. These include: links with attachment theory (Marshall & Stevenson-Hinde, Chapter 3; Burgess et al., Chapter 7), styles of parenting (Schmidt et al., Chapter 3; Burgess et al., Chapter 7; Evans, Chapter 8); cognitive development (Lewis, Chapter 5; Yuill & Banerjee, Chapter 7); emotional development (Reddy, Chapter 4; Lewis, Chapter 5).