INTERVENTIONS TO PREVENT
RAPE AND SEXUAL ASSAULT
Christine A. Gidycz, Cindy L. Rich, and Nichole L. Marioni
The high frequency of sexual assault coupled with its serious consequences have led to an increasingly greater emphasis on prevention. Federal mandates in the USA require that all colleges and universities that receive federal funds provide some type of rape prevention program to students (NASPA, 1994). While there has been an increased emphasis on the evaluation of preventative efforts, the vast majority of these evaluation studies have focused on college students. Additionally, because at least 80% of all sexual assaults are perpetrated by acquaintances (Koss and Dinero, 1989), the published sexual assault evaluation literature has emphasized the prevention of assaults by acquaintances. Thus, the focus of this chapter will be on discussing issues relevant to acquaintance sexual assault prevention in academic settings. Although this area of research is in its infancy and the target populations have been rather select, it still provides the foundation and impetus for future efforts.
While early programs were primarily atheoretical in nature, current programming efforts have made a greater attempt to incorporate psychological theory into the development of programs both in terms of structure and content. Specifically, many programs have incorporated components of feminist theory either into the program's development or implementation. These programs based on feminist theory have